Importance of inpatient hypoglycaemia: impact, prediction and prevention.
Ruan Y., Tan GD., Lumb A., Rea RD.
Hypoglycaemia is a key barrier to achieving euglycaemic control in people who are hospitalized. Inpatient hypoglycaemia has been linked to adverse clinical outcomes, including mortality and longer stay in hospital. A number of studies have applied mathematical tools and statistical models to predict inpatient hypoglycaemia and identify factors that may result in hypoglycaemic events. Several different approaches have been tested to prevent inpatient hypoglycaemia. These can be categorized as human intervention, computerized methods or application of medical devices. In this review we provide an overview of the epidemiology of inpatient hypoglycaemia and its impact on patients and hospitals. We also discuss the existing methodology used to predict inpatient hypoglycaemia and the limited number of trials performed to prevent inpatient hypoglycaemia. The review highlights the urgent need for evidence-based methods to reduce inpatient hypoglycaemia.