Intraoperative identification and analysis of lymph nodes at laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery using fluorescence imaging combined with rapid OSNA pathological assessment
Yeung TM., Wang LM., Colling R., Kraus R., Cahill R., Hompes R., Mortensen NJ.
© 2017 The Author(s) Background: Standard surgical practice for colorectal cancer involves resection of the primary lesion and all draining lymph nodes. Accurate intraoperative assessment of nodal status could allow stratified resectional extent. One-step nucleic acid (OSNA) can provide a rapid method of interrogating nodal tissue, whilst near-infrared (NIR) laparoscopy together with indocyanine green (ICG) can identify relevant nodal tissue intraoperatively. Methods: ICG was administered around the tumour endoscopically prior to the operation. Fluorescent nodes identified by NIR were marked and submitted for whole-node OSNA analysis. Further fresh lymph nodes dissected from the standard resection specimen were examined and analysed by both conventional histology and OSNA. In addition, the status of the fluorescent nodes was compared to that of non-ICG nodes to assess their predictive value. Results: Sixteen patients were recruited with a total final lymph node count of 287. 78 fresh lymph nodes were identified on fresh dissection for both histological and OSNA assessment with an analytical concordance rate of 98.7% (77/78). OSNA sensitivity was 1 (0.81–1, 95% CI) and specificity 0.98 (0.91–1, 95% CI). Six patients had a total of nine nodes identified intraoperatively by ICG fluorescence. Of these nine nodes, one was positive for metastasis on OSNA. OSNA analysis of the ICG-labelled node matched the final histological nodal stage in 3/6 patients (two being N0 and one N1). The final pathological nodal stage of the other three was N1 or N2, while the ICG nodes were negative. Conclusion: OSNA is highly concordant with standard histology, although only a minority of nodes identifiable by full pathological analysis were found for OSNA on fresh dissection. OSNA can be combined with NIR and ICG lymphatic mapping to provide intraoperative assessment of nodal tissue in patients with colorectal cancer.