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Multiple myeloma (MM) is a progressive plasma cell malignancy, with a range of clinical features including bone lesions, renal insufficiency, anaemia, and hypercalcaemia. Novel agents have significantly improved patient survival, however most patients will suffer multiple relapses. Although clinical challenges and economic costs of relapse are recognised, the psychological impact of relapse is not fully appreciated. Additionally, there is little information on how physicians perceive the impact of relapse on their patients' emotional state and how this might affect patient management. Through face-to-face interviews with 50 relapsed and/or refractory MM patients and 30 haematologists across ten countries, we have used real-world evidence to explore and characterise the burden of living with MM, particularly the impact of relapsed disease. This exploratory study illustrates the impact of the disease on friends and family, and the physical and emotional burden experienced by the patient resulting from both MM and its treatment. Haematologists feel poorly equipped to deal with the emotional aspects of patient relapse, lacking the time and resources to adequately deal with these issues. Focused educational and support tools/resources targeted at both physicians and patients are required to facilitate physician-patient communication to help reduce the emotional burden of living with MM.

Original publication




Journal article


Leuk Res

Publication Date





75 - 84


Burden, Multiple myeloma, Physician/patient perspective, Relapse, Humans, Interview, Psychological, Multiple Myeloma, Patients, Physician-Patient Relations, Physicians, Recurrence