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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Alström syndrome is a rare monogenic disorder characterised by retinal dystrophy, deafness and obesity. Patients also have insulin resistance, central obesity and dyslipidaemia, thus showing similarities with type 2 diabetes. Rare mutations in the ALMS1 gene cause severe gene disruption in Alström patients; however, ALMS1 gene polymorphisms are common in the general population. The aim of our study was to determine whether common variants in ALMS1 contribute to susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in the UK population. METHODS: Direct sequencing was performed on coding regions and intron/exon boundaries of the ALMS1 gene in 30 unrelated probands with type 2 diabetes. The linkage disequilibrium (LD; D' and r2) and haplotype structure were examined for the identified variants. The common (minor allele frequency [MAF] >5%) single-nucleotide polymorphisms tagging the common haplotypes (tagged SNPs [tSNPs]) were identified and genotyped in 1985 subjects with type 2 diabetes, 2,047 control subjects and 521 families. RESULTS: We identified 18 variants with MAF between 6 and 38%. Three SNPs efficiently tagged three common haplotypes (rs1881245, rs3820700 and rs1320374). There was no association (all p > 0.05) between the tSNPs and type 2 diabetes in the case-control study and minor alleles of the tSNPs were not overtransmitted to probands with type 2 diabetes in the family study. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Common variations in the ALMS1 gene were not associated with type 2 diabetes in a large study of a white UK population.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





1209 - 1213


Adult, Cell Cycle Proteins, Deafness, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Dyslipidemias, European Continental Ancestry Group, Exons, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genetic Variation, Humans, Insulin Resistance, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Proteins, Syndrome, United Kingdom