Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We have analyzed the sequence complexity, frequency distribution, and template activity of free (F) and membrane-bound (MB) polysomal mRNA populations of MOPC 21 (P3K) mouse myeloma cells. Using the technique of mRNA-cDNA hybridization, we find that F poly(A)+ RNA, which represent 60% of total polysomal mRNA, consists of approximately 8,000 different mRNA sequences distributed in three abundance classes, while MB poly(A)+ RNA (20% of total polysomal mRNA) includes only 230 mRNA species and almost completely lacks very infrequent mRNA species. Cross-hybridization indicates that MB mRNA sequences are also present in F mRNA, but in reduced concentrations. Translation of F and MB RNA fractions in a messenger-dependent reticulocyte lysate indicates that essentially all MB RNA contains poly(A), whereas 25% of F mRNA lacks poly(A). Furthermore, the use of a cDNA highly specific for the immunoglobulin light (Ig L) chain mRNA allows the determination of the subcellular content of this message. Ig L mRNA, representing approximately 5% of total polysomal poly(A)+ RNA, is one of the most abundant MB mRNAs. 90% of Ig L mRNA is found in MB polysomes and 10% in F polysomes.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Cell Biol

Publication Date

01/1981

Volume

88

Pages

29 - 36

Keywords

Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Line, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Immunoglobulin Light Chains, Mice, Multiple Myeloma, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Poly A, Polyribosomes, Protein Biosynthesis, RNA, Messenger