Single-wavelength two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (SW2PE-STED) superresolution imaging.
Bianchini P., Harke B., Galiani S., Vicidomini G., Diaspro A.
We developed a new class of two-photon excitation-stimulated emission depletion (2PE-STED) optical microscope. In this work, we show the opportunity to perform superresolved fluorescence imaging, exciting and stimulating the emission of a fluorophore by means of a single wavelength. We show that a widely used red-emitting fluorophore, ATTO647N, can be two-photon excited at a wavelength allowing both 2PE and STED using the very same laser source. This fact opens the possibility to perform 2PE microscopy at four to five times STED-improved resolution, while exploiting the intrinsic advantages of nonlinear excitation.