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Most proteins have uneven distributions in the plasma membrane. Broadly speaking, this may be caused by mechanisms specific to each protein, or may be a consequence of a general pattern that affects the distribution of all membrane proteins. The latter hypothesis has been difficult to test in the past. Here, we introduce several approaches based on click chemistry, through which we study the distribution of membrane proteins in living cells, as well as in membrane sheets. We found that the plasma membrane proteins form multi-protein assemblies that are long lived (minutes), and in which protein diffusion is restricted. The formation of the assemblies is dependent on cholesterol. They are separated and anchored by the actin cytoskeleton. Specific proteins are preferentially located in different regions of the assemblies, from their cores to their edges. We conclude that the assemblies constitute a basic mesoscale feature of the membrane, which affects the patterning of most membrane proteins, and possibly also their activity.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/ncomms5509

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Commun

Publication Date

25/07/2014

Volume

5

Keywords

Actins, Animals, COS Cells, Cell Fusion, Cell Membrane, Cercopithecus aethiops, Cholesterol, Click Chemistry, Cytoskeleton, Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching, Membrane Proteins, Multiprotein Complexes, PC12 Cells, Rats