Implementation of an effective outpatient intensive education programme for patients with type 1 diabetes
Everett J., Jenkins E., Kerr D., Cavan DA.
Education for our local clinic population with type 1 diabetes was unsatisfactory with in HbA1c audit revealing suboptimal diabetes control. Clinical practice was changed to offer structured, group education to newly diagnosed and established patients with type 1 diabetes. Since 1999, 58 patients, 28 male, mean age 32 (range 18-65) years, mean duration of diabetes 2 (range 0.6-34) years have completed the programme. HbA1c (mean±SE) fell from 8.9±0.2% to 8.4±0.2% (p<0.001) at three months, was naintained at six months, 8.6%±0.3 at 12 months and 8.3%±0.5 at 24 months. These results were dependent upon the duration of diabetes and the HbA1c level at entry. Mean diabetes management skills, as measured by the Ipswich Questionnaire, rose from 135 (95% Cl 126-138) to 151 (95% Cl 147-155) at three months (p<0.0001, paired t test) and this was maintained to 12 months. Food knowledge improved in terms of recognising and counting carbohydrates. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that an intensive education programme for type 1 diabetes can be implemented, audited and resourced within a clinic population. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.