Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane is regulated by three GTPases, the 54 kDa subunit of the signal recognition particle (SRP) and the α- and β-subunits of the SRP receptor (SR). Using a soluble form of SR and an XTP-binding mutant of SRβ, we show that SRβ is essential for protein translocation across the ER membrane. SRβ can be cross-linked to a 21 kDa ribosomal protein in its empty and GDP-bound state, but not when GTP is bound. GTP binding to SRβ is required to induce signal sequence release from SRP. This is achieved by the presence of the translocon, which changes the interaction between the 21 kDa ribosomal protein and SRβ and thereby allows SRβ to bind GTP. We conclude that SRβ co-ordinates the release of the signal sequence from SRP with the presence of the translocon.

Original publication




Journal article


EMBO Journal

Publication Date





2338 - 2347