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Anti-ribosomal P protein (anti-P) antibodies are marker antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Their association with psychiatric or neurological manifestations has been proposed, but remains controversial. Anti-phospholipid antibodies are the hallmark of a syndrome that may comprise a number of neurological manifestations. Thus, anti-P and anti-phospholipid antibodies have both been associated with central nervous system involvement and their co-existence in the same sera was reported. We verified the ability of purified anti-P antibodies to bind different phospholipids and phospholipid-binding proteins in solid-phase assays. Anti-P antibodies from five of eight patients bound cardiolipin (CL) when saturated with fetal calf serum (FCS); in three cases anti-CL antibodies were also detected in the flow-through. No anti-P eluate, nor any corresponding flow-through, bound beta(2)-glycoprotein I alone or prothrombin. Moreover, no anti-P eluate bound CL when the plates were blocked with bovine serum albumin in the absence of FCS. Anti-P antibodies with anti-CL activity bound both ssDNA and dsDNA and also nucleosomes in three patients. Our data indicate a great heterogeneity of anti-P antibodies that appear to be overlapped partially with the other autoantibody populations detected frequently in SLE.

Original publication




Journal article


Clin Exp Immunol

Publication Date





140 - 143


Antibody Specificity, Autoantibodies, Cardiolipins, Cross Reactions, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Humans, Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic, Phospholipids, Protein Binding, Ribosomal Proteins