Antibodies directed against ribosomal P proteins cross-react with phospholipids.
Caponi L., Anzilotti C., Longombardo G., Migliorini P.
Anti-ribosomal P protein (anti-P) antibodies are marker antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Their association with psychiatric or neurological manifestations has been proposed, but remains controversial. Anti-phospholipid antibodies are the hallmark of a syndrome that may comprise a number of neurological manifestations. Thus, anti-P and anti-phospholipid antibodies have both been associated with central nervous system involvement and their co-existence in the same sera was reported. We verified the ability of purified anti-P antibodies to bind different phospholipids and phospholipid-binding proteins in solid-phase assays. Anti-P antibodies from five of eight patients bound cardiolipin (CL) when saturated with fetal calf serum (FCS); in three cases anti-CL antibodies were also detected in the flow-through. No anti-P eluate, nor any corresponding flow-through, bound beta(2)-glycoprotein I alone or prothrombin. Moreover, no anti-P eluate bound CL when the plates were blocked with bovine serum albumin in the absence of FCS. Anti-P antibodies with anti-CL activity bound both ssDNA and dsDNA and also nucleosomes in three patients. Our data indicate a great heterogeneity of anti-P antibodies that appear to be overlapped partially with the other autoantibody populations detected frequently in SLE.