Role for the nuclear factor kappaB pathway in transforming growth factor-beta1 production in idiopathic myelofibrosis: possible relationship with FK506 binding protein 51 overexpression.
Komura E., Tonetti C., Penard-Lacronique V., Chagraoui H., Lacout C., Lecouédic JP., Rameau P., Debili N., Vainchenker W., Giraudier S.
The release of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in the bone marrow microenvironment is one of the main mechanisms leading to myelofibrosis in murine models and probably in the human idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF). The regulation of TGF-beta1 synthesis is poorly known but seems regulated by nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). We previously described the overexpression of an immunophilin, FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP51), in IMF megakaryocytes. Gel shift and gene assays show that FKBP51's overexpression in a factor-dependent hematopoietic cell line, induces a sustained NF-kappaB activation after cytokine deprivation. This activation correlates with a low level of IkappaBalpha. A spontaneous activation of NF-kappaB was also detected in proliferating megakaryocytes and in circulating CD34(+) patient cells. In normal cells, NF-kappaB activation was only detected after cytokine treatment. The expression of an NF-kappaB superrepressor in FKBP51 overexpressing cells and in derived megakaryocytes from CD34(+) of IMF patients revealed that NF-kappaB activation was not involved in the resistance to apoptosis after cytokine deprivation of these cells but in TGF-beta1 secretion. These results highlight the importance of NF-kappaB's activation in the fibrosis development of this disease. They also suggest that FKBP51's overexpression in IMF cells could play an important role in the pathogenesis of this myeloproliferative disorder.