Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIM: Elevation of Troponin after scheduled percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a recognized consequence. We sought to evaluate the prognostic significance and impact of the newly published definition of PCI-related myocardial infarction (MI) according to which any troponin elevation >3 times the upper reference limit identify a peri-procedural MI. METHODS: Search of BioMedCentral, CENTRAL, mRCT and PubMed (updated May 2008). Outcomes of interest were: MACE [the composite of all cause death, MI, repeat target vessel PCI (re-PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)]; single end points were also assessed. RESULTS: Fifteen studies have been included totalling 7578 patients. Troponin elevation occurred in 28.7% of the procedures. The incidence of PCI-related MI according to the new definition was 14.5%. During the hospitalization, any level of raised troponin was associated with an increased risk of MACE [OR 11.29 (3.00-42.48), Number needed to harm (NNH) 5], death [OR 7.16 (1.95-26.27), NNH = 100], MI [OR 30.85 (6.05-157.38), NNH = 4] and re-PCI [OR 4.13 (1.23-13.88), NNH = 50]. Patients with PCI-related MI had an increased risk of death [OR 17.25 (2.71-109.96), NNH = 100] and re-PCI [OR 10.86 (3.2-36.94), NNH = 25]. At follow up of 18 months any troponin elevation was associated with an increased risk of MACE [OR 1.48 (1.12-1.96), NNH = 20], death [OR 2.19 (1.59-3.00), NNH = 50], MI [OR 3.29 (2.71-6.31), NNH = 33] and re-PCI [OR 1.47 (1.06-2.03), NNH = 25]. In patients with PCI-related MI the risk of MACE was further increased: OR 2.25 (1.26-4.00), NNH = 3. An increase of the troponin level below the cut-off was not associated with MACE. CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of MI according to the new guidelines applies to 15% of patients undergoing PCI and these patients are at high risk of further adverse events both during the hospital stay and at 18 months.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





369 - 378


Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary, Biomarkers, Coronary Artery Bypass, Epidemiologic Methods, Humans, Myocardial Infarction, Risk Factors, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Troponin