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Ectoenzyme nucleotide pyrophosphate phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) is an inhibitor of insulin-induced activation of the insulin receptor. There is strong evidence from several previous studies that a common coding variant of ENPP1 (K121Q) and a three-marker haplotype (Q121, IVS20delT-11, and G+1044TGA) are associated with type 2 diabetes and obesity. We examined the impact of ENPP1 variation on type 2 diabetes and obesity in a large U.K. genetic association study. We genotyped the three previously associated polymorphisms in 2,363 type 2 diabetic case and 4,045 control subjects, as well as 1,681 subjects from 529 type 2 diabetic families. We used the same subjects for morbid and moderate obesity association studies. For type 2 diabetes, moderate and morbid obesity, and for both the Q121 and three-marker haplotype, our results exclude with >95% confidence the effect sizes from previous studies (Q121 allele: odds ratio 1.02 [95% CI 0.93-1.12], P = 0.61; 1.00 [0.85-1.18], P = 0.99; and 0.92 [0.70-1.20], P = 0.41; three-marker haplotype: 1.10 [0.96-1.26], P = 0.17; 0.97 [0.77-1.23], P = 0.81; and 0.86 [0.57-1.30], P = 0.46 for type 2 diabetes, moderate, and morbid obesity, respectively). A K121Q type 2 diabetes meta-analysis of all previously published studies remained significant after the inclusion of this study (1.25 [1.10-1.43], P = 0.0007), although there was some evidence of publication bias. In conclusion, we find no evidence that previously associated variants of ENPP1 are associated with type 2 diabetes or obesity in the U.K. population.

Original publication

DOI

10.2337/db06-0410

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabetes

Publication Date

11/2006

Volume

55

Pages

3175 - 3179

Keywords

Adult, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, European Continental Ancestry Group, Family, Female, Genetic Markers, Genetic Variation, Genotype, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases, Polymorphism, Genetic, Pyrophosphatases, United Kingdom