Swarm Decomposition Enhances the Discrimination of Cardiac Arrhythmias in Varied-Lead ECG Using ResNet-BiLSTM Network Activations
Alkhodari M., Apostolidis G., Zisou C., Hadjileontiadis LJ., Khandoker AH.
The standard screening tool for cardiac arrhythmias remains to be the 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). Despite carrying rich information about different types of arrhythmias, it is considered bulky, high-cost, and often hard to use. In this study, we sought to investigate the efficiency of using 6-lead, 4-lead, 3 -lead, and 2-lead ECG in discriminating between 26 arrhythmia types and compare them with the standard 12-lead ECG. as part of PhysioNet/Computing in Cardiology 2021 Challenge. Our team, Care4MyHeart, developed a deep learning approach based on residual convolutional neural networks and Bi-directional long short term memory (ResNet-BiLSTM) to extract deep-activated features from ECG oscillatory components obtained using a novel swarm decomposition (SWD) algorithm. Alongside age and sex, these automated features were combined with hand-crafted features from heart rate variability and SWD components for training and classification. Our approach achieved a challenge score of 0.45, 0.43, 0.44, 0.43, and 0.42 using 10-fold cross-validation using the training set and 0.25, 0.23, 0.24, 0.22, and 0.20 using the hidden test set for 12-lead, 6-lead, 4-lead, 3-lead, and 2-lead, respectively. Our team was ranked the 31/38 with an average all-lead test score of 0.22.