The search for type 2 diabetes genes.
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a serious disease with severe complications. Around one in 10 people alive today suffer from type 2 diabetes or are destined to develop it before they die. Inheritance plays an important role in the cause of type 2 diabetes. A considerable amount of research is devoted to defining the genes involved in the aetiology of this widespread disease. This information is crucial if we are to improve our methods of preventing and treating diabetes. Over the last 25 years there have been considerable advances in our understanding of the genetics of diabetes. Important discoveries have been made in dissecting the genes involved in rare monogenic forms of type 2 diabetes which has become a paradigm for genetic studies of type 2 diabetes. This review focuses on the main approaches currently adopted and our current understanding of the genes involved in susceptibility to type 2 diabetes.