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CONTEXT: Microvesicles (MVs) are a class of membrane particles shed by any cell in the body in physiological and pathological conditions. They are considered to be key players in intercellular communication, and with a molecular content reflecting the composition of the cell of origin, they have recently emerged as a promising source of biomarkers in a number of diseases. OBJECTIVE: The effects of acute exercise on the plasma concentration of skeletal muscle-derived MVs (SkMVs) carrying metabolically important membrane proteins were examined. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen men with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 14 healthy male controls with obesity exercised on a cycle ergometer for 60 minutes. INTERVENTIONS: Muscle biopsies and blood samples-obtained before exercise, immediately after exercise, and 3 hours into recovery-were collected for the analysis of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) transport proteins CD36 (a scavenger receptor class B protein) and fatty acid transport protein 4 (FATP4) mRNA content in muscle and for flow cytometric studies on circulating SkMVs carrying either LCFA transport protein. RESULTS: Besides establishing a flow cytometric approach for the detection of circulating SkMVs and subpopulations carrying either CD36 or FATP4 and thereby adding proof to their existence, we demonstrated an overall exercise-induced change of SkMVs carrying these LCFA transport proteins. A positive correlation between exercise-induced changes in skeletal muscle CD36 mRNA expression and concentrations of SkMVs carrying CD36 was found in T2DM only. CONCLUSIONS: This approach could add important real-time information about the abundance of LCFA transport proteins present on activated muscle cells in subjects with impaired glucose metabolism.

Original publication




Journal article


J Clin Endocrinol Metab

Publication Date





4804 - 4814


Biopsy, CD36 Antigens, Case-Control Studies, Cell-Derived Microparticles, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Exercise, Fatty Acid Transport Proteins, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle, Skeletal, Obesity, RNA, Messenger