Distribution and epitope analysis of the cell membrane glycoprotein (HPCA-1) associated with human hemopoietic progenitor cells.
Watt SM., Karhi K., Gatter K., Furley AJ., Katz FE., Healy LE., Altass LJ., Bradley NJ., Sutherland DR., Levinsky R.
Monoclonal antibodies My10, BI.3C5, 12.8, and ICH3 identify a monomeric cell surface glycoprotein (HPCA-1) of 100-120 kD, which is selectively expressed on human hemopoietic progenitor cells. Other tissues are nonreactive with the exception of capillary endothelia and basement membrane in some sites. In addition, the antigen can be detected on cell lines that exhibit characteristics associated with early T cell precursors. HPCA-1 is therefore associated with myeloid, B, and T lineage precursors. Sequential immunoprecipitation and Western blotting studies demonstrate that BI.3C5, ICH3, My10, and an antibody directed against endothelial cells, 188.27, all react with the same glycoprotein species, although the epitopes involved may be distinct. The epitope recognized by BI.3C5 is sialic acid dependent, whereas that recognized by ICH3 is not. The My10 epitope has partial sensitivity to neuraminidase. Competitive/additive binding experiments suggest that these epitopes, although probably distinct, may be closely associated.