Utility of white matter disease and atrophy on routinely acquired brain imaging for prediction of long-term delirium risk: population-based cohort study.
Pendlebury ST., Thomson RJ., Welch SJV., Kuker W., Rothwell PM., Oxford Vascular Study None.
BACKGROUND: brain imaging done as part of standard care may have clinical utility beyond its immediate indication. Using delirium as an exemplar, we determined the predictive value of baseline brain imaging variables [white matter changes (WMC) and atrophy] for delirium risk on long-term follow-up after transient ischemic attack (TIA)/stroke in a population-based cohort study. METHODS: surviving TIA/stroke participants in the Oxford Vascular Study (OXVASC) were assessed prospectively for delirium during all hospitalisations over 6 months (2013-14). Using logistic regression, independent associations were determined between baseline OXVASC computed tomography or magnetic resonance brain imaging measures of WMC and cerebral atrophy (none/mild versus moderate/severe) and delirium adjusted for age, sex, baseline stroke severity, depression, illness severity and pre-admission cognition. RESULTS: among 1,565 TIA/stroke survivors with 194 hospital admissions (158 patients, mean/standard deviation age at admission = 79.2/11.5 years), delirium occurred in 59 (37%). WMC and atrophy on baseline imaging were associated with delirium [odds ratio (OR) = 3.41, 1.21-5.85, P = 0.001 and OR = 2.50, 1.23-5.08, P = 0.01 (unadjusted) and OR = 2.67, 1.21-5.85, P = 0.02 and OR = 2.18, 1.00-4.73, P = 0.05 (adjusted age and sex)]. Associations were strengthened when analyses were restricted to patients hospitalised within 5 years of baseline brain imaging [OR = 6.04, 2.39-15.24, P