Emergency departments are higher-risk locations for wrong blood in tube errors.
Dunbar NM., Delaney M., Murphy MF., Pagano MB., Saifee NH., Seheult J., Yazer M., Kaufman RM., WBIT Study Investigators on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative None.
BACKGROUND: Wrong blood in tube (WBIT) errors can lead to ABO mistransfusions. It is unknown if WBIT errors are more likely in specific healthcare locations or if specific collection practices influence the commission of WBIT errors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on pretransfusion samples from calendar year 2019 were collected retrospectively by 39 transfusion services in nine countries. We compared the proportion of WBIT errors made in emergency departments (EDs), inpatient wards, and outpatient clinics. RESULTS: In total, 143 WBIT errors were detected among 1,394,862 samples for an unadjusted aggregate WBIT proportion of 1.03/10,000 samples. Using a pooled random effects model, the WBIT proportion was estimated to be significantly higher in EDs (1.23/10,000 samples, 95% CI 0.62-2.43) than inpatient wards (0.71/10,000, 95% CI 0.44-1.14; p