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The adhesion of erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) is one of the major pathological features of severe malaria. Several potential receptors to endothelium for falciparum-infected erythrocyte on endothelium have been described. Recently, the malaria binding site on ICAM-1(CD54) has been mapped to a site distinct but overlapping with the LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) site. We detected by flow cytometry, confocal laser microscopy and immunoprecipitation, a molecule expressed at the surface of erythrocytes infected with mature stages of the M96 strain of P. falciparum that was recognized by a monoclonal antibody (mAb) (TS1/22) directed against an LFA-1 epitope. However, this molecule was not recognized by mAbs directed against other epitopes of LFA-1 or against other integrins. Furthermore, the mAb TS1/22 partially inhibited cytoadherence of parasitized red blood cells to human-brain microvascular endothelial cells. The expression of a molecule sharing an epitope with human LFA-1 integrin on the parasitized erythrocyte surface could be involved in the sequestration of these cells and thus in the pathogenesis of severe disease.


Journal article



Publication Date





205 - 213


Antigens, Protozoan, Cell Adhesion, Endothelium, Vascular, Epitopes, Erythrocyte Membrane, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1, Malaria, Falciparum, Microscopy, Confocal, Precipitin Tests, Time Factors