Alternative splicing of RNAs generates isoform diversity, resulting in different proteins that are necessary for maintaining cellular function and identity. The discovery of alternative splicing has been revolutionized by next-generation transcriptomic sequencing mainly using bulk RNA-sequencing, which has unravelled RNA splicing and mis-splicing of normal cells under steady-state and stress conditions. Single-cell RNA-sequencing studies have focused on gene-level expression analysis and revealed gene expression signatures distinguishable between different cellular types. Single-cell alternative splicing is an emerging area of research with the promise to reveal transcriptomic dynamics invisible to bulk- and gene-level analysis. In this review, we will discuss the technological advances for single-cell alternative splicing analysis, computational strategies for isoform detection and quantitation in single cells, and current applications of single-cell alternative splicing analysis and its potential future contributions to personalized medicine.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J
332 - 343
Alternative splicing, Isoform, Next-generation sequencing, Percent spliced-in, Single-cell transcriptome analysis