Ghost muscle fibres reconstituted with myosin heads labeled with the fluorescent probe 1,5-IAEDANS were used for analysis of muscle fibre dysfunction associated with the R133W mutation in β-tropomyosin (Tpm2.2). By using polarized microscopy, we showed that at high Ca2+ the R133W mutation in both αβ-Tpm heterodimers and ββ-Tpm homodimers decreases the amount of the myosin heads strongly bound to F-actin and the number of switched-on actin monomers, with this effect being stronger for ββ-Tpm. This mutation also inhibits the shifting of the R133W-Tpm strands towards the open position and the efficiency of the cross-bridge work. At low Ca2+, the amount of the strongly bound myosin heads is lower for R133W-Tpms than for WT-Tpms which may contribute to a low myofilament Ca2+-sensitivity of the R133W-Tpms. It is concluded that freezing of the mutant αβ- or ββ-Tpm close to the blocked position inhibits the strong binding of the cross-bridges and the switching on of actin monomers which may be the reason for muscle weakness associated with the R133W mutation in β-tropomyosin. The use of reagents that activate myosin may be appropriate to restore muscle function in patients with the R133W mutation.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
258 - 262
Molecular mechanisms, Muscle contraction regulation, Muscle fibre, Nemaline myopathy, Tropomyosin mutation